2013;27(3):686-694. 4 Scarce resources include monetary capital, human capital, technology, time. The marketing mix can divide into four groups of variables commonly known as the 4P’s: Promotion, Product, Place and Price (MaRS Discovery District [marsdd], 2014). J Cardiovasc Nurs. The purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is to promote and provide information to individuals and allow them to make changes in their health behavior. New York, NY: Guilford; 2007. In N. O’Brien & C. Irwin (Eds. Psychol Health. They concluded that most patients with HF often expressed intense negative emotions, such as depression, anxiety, and frustrations.8,9,11,19,21 In addition, due to the unpredictable nature of the illness, patients also expressed fear of the unknown, as they were uncertain about the future and even fear of death.8,17,23. However, these authors used different instruments to measure the severity of physical symptoms, and the findings may not be comparable. [Context Link], 37.
Gottlieb SS, Khatta M, Friedmann E, et al. 2.1. Academic Search Premier. Scand J Caring Sci. Search terms included "coping strategies," "life experiences," "heart failure," "learning needs," "perspectives," "quality of life," and "health-related quality of life," and these were used in different combinations. (Grossman & Shapiro, 1988a) Europe E, Tyni-Lenne R. Qualitative analysis of the male experience of heart failure. Nordgren L, Asp M, Fagerberg I.
Stress, Coping, and Development.
It then involves persuading general consumers to become customers of your business using methods such as advertising, direct marketing, personal selling and sales promotion. NRS-429V 2004;17(3):150-157. Goodman H, Firouzi A, Banya W, Lau-Walker M, Cowie MR. An outline for literature review can also evaluate these sources and advise to the readers regarding what’s relevant depending on certain conditions. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu Health defined: Objectives for promotion and prevention. Patients' experiences of physical limitations in daily life activities when suffering from chronic heart failure; a phenomenographic analysis. If their learning needs on the management of HF could be identified and fulfilled, their ability to adopt appropriate coping strategies and make decisions about self-care may be enhanced and their QOL improved. While this review may not have included all the relevant published literature due to the limited databases examined and the language criterion, this narrative review meets the specific aim of summarizing empirical evidence concerning experiences of patients with HF and identifying their coping strategies and learning needs. 2008;37(4):257-265. Bahktin commences the writing by introducing Rabelais and his understated position in the world of literature. World Health Organization. 2013;50(7):945-953. The former attributed this to the paternalistic influence from the family, while the latter ascribed this to the Chinese belief that maintaining harmony is cardinal. 2008;17(2):124-132. In fairness to the researchers, it would be difficult to determine the effects of violence on an infant or toddler... ...48-56. Cicognani E, Pirini C, Keyes C, Joshanloo M, Rostami R, Nosratabadi M. Social participation, sense of community and social well being: a study on American, Italian and Iranian university students. Accessed September 5, 2013. On the contrary, older retired individuals were better at accepting the change. [Context Link], 4. Appl Nurs Res. Several qualitative studies reported that individuals who receive support from others perceived themselves as a burden to others and felt they had lost their independence.8,9,21,37 Support is appreciated only if independence is maintained, and the individual has control over their situation.10,37 A cross-sectional study suggested that problem-focused coping was associated with a lowered QOL.24 The findings were attributed to the increase in anxiety, as possible problem-focused coping strategies had already been applied and worn out, leading to a heightened awareness of the severity of the individual's illness.24,27 A longitudinal study also demonstrated that there was no relationship between problem-focused coping strategies and patients' HRQOL.27. 2-26). 2012;68(4):816-825. Social well-being is a sense of involvement with other people and communities.18 Because of the limitations on physical ability, studies have consistently reported poorer social well-being among patients with HF. 15. Jackson JL, Emery CF. Support as experienced by men living with heart failure in middle age: a phenomenological study. Tips for creating a literature review template, Strategies for composing your literature review template, 49 Prayer Journal Templates (Kids / Adults), 45 Free Pie Chart Templates (Word, Excel & PDF), 48 Best Lessons Learned Templates [Excel, Word], 44 Professional Land Contract Forms (All States), 39 Editable Fundraiser Flyers Templates & Ideas. Kristofferzon M-L, Lindqvist R, Nilsson A. The findings will help health care professionals to develop and provide a patient-centered holistic care to improve their HRQOL and satisfaction.
This template helps you to summarize the vital aspects of an existing body of literature, find out any significant flaws in existing knowledge or outline the areas that require future studies. Bekelman DB, Havranek EP, Becker DM, et al.
Academic Search Premier. No study has demonstrated a causal relationship between patients recognizing their need to learn and the ability to cope with HF. What are the risks of children being exposed to partner violence? However, a recent study suggested that individuals with sufficient knowledge about their illness acknowledge that information may improve illness management and outcomes.38 This is supported by another study indicating that the individual's knowledge about illness was associated with HRQOL and the use of coping strategies.40 However, both studies were cross-sectional in design, thus causal relationships cannot be evaluated. [Context Link], 6. Boyde M, Tuckett A, Peters R, Thompson D, Turner C, Stewart S. Learning for heart failure patients (the L-HF patient study). Long ago, luxury goods were mostly meant for the highly affluent individuals. Son YJ, Song Y, Nam S, Shin WY, Lee SJ, Jin DK.
Relationship of coping styles with quality of life and depressive symptoms in older heart failure patients. 2012;17(12):630-637.
[Context Link], 24. A literature review is used in the introduction and discussion of your manuscripts.
I have selected five articles from various areas using the library database. Huang T, Moser DK, Hwang S, Lennie TA, Chung M, Heo S. Comparison of health-related quality of life between American and Taiwanese heart failure patients. Health care providers often use HRQOL, a multidimensional concept, to understand the impact of chronic disease on patients' well-being, in particular, on physical, psychological, and social well-being.5 Because of the various effects of HF on patients' day-to-day living, it is essential to develop individualized coping strategies to facilitate long-term adaptation and to improve QOL. Thus, the differences in cultures are associated with the perceived importance of the learning needs.
In addition, while studies had been conducted with patients at various stages of HF, there is a lack of information regarding the experiences and learning needs of patients with a more severe class of HF, specifically NYHA class IV. The 2 common types of strategies were problem-focused and emotion-focused coping.6,16,27,29,33,34 The researchers identified that emotion-focused coping strategies, such as denial, behavioral avoidance, and venting of emotions, were often less adaptive, whereas problem-focused coping strategies, such as acceptance of the condition, sharing the illness experience, receiving support from others, and adjustment to the illness, were considered to be more adaptive.
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