(Or any of the four gospels, for that matter). How did unknown scribes who added the titles know whom to ascribe the books to? In Tacitus day there were some unhappy Roman soldiers in 14 AD saying they deserved a denarius a day, which was considered a fair wage. All the indicators we have from Matthew’s Gospel confirm what the church has believed for centuries – Matthew the publican was one of the 12, an eyewitness and has given us his testimony. Furthermore, there are no anonymous copies of Matthew that have been found. These facts by themselves might not seem like much, but taken together a collective case starts to snowball. Those who believe Matthew’s account was based on Mark’s Gospel place the date of writing between AD 68 and 80. Do the 3 accounts of Paul's conversion in Luke contradict each other? This must have been said either in ignorance or from a design to mislead. St. Matthew, also called St. Matthew the Evangelist, St. Matthew the Apostle, or Levi, (flourished 1st century ce, Palestine; Western feast day September 21, Eastern feast day November 16), one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ and the traditional author of the first Synoptic Gospel. Liked it? The point is this: Augustine was right. To say that Matthew didn’t write a gospel flies in the face of all the external evidence that we have. Matthew, who was also called Levi, was the son of Alpheus (Mk 2:14; Luke 5:27), and his gospel is seen as a hinge on which the Old Testament closes and the New Testament opens and like a door, the reader can look back and see the many references to the Old Testament prophecies about Jesus Christ. For example, when writing his account of the death of Socrates, the ancient Greek writer Xenophon (who was a disciple of Socrates) used the “reports” (Greek exēngeile) of another disciple named Hermogenes (see Xenophon, Apology, 1.2, 10).12 The reason was that Xenophon was not present at the trial and death of Socrates, whereas Hermogenes was. He whom the lot falls to first, let him be killed by him that hath the second lot, and thus fortune shall make its progress through us all; nor shall any of us perish by his own right hand, for it would be unfair if, when the rest are gone, somebody should repent and save himself.” This proposal appeared to them to be very just; and when he had prevailed with them to determine this matter by lots, he drew one of the lots for himself also…” – Jewish War, Book 3, Chapter 8, Part 7. Matthew, originally known as Levi, was one of Jesus Christ’s twelve disciples, and one of the four Evangelists (who also included Paul, Peter and Mark). Ehrman admitted that yes, there are examples in history where ancient autobiographers have written in the 3rd person. (Matthew 10:9, Mark 6:8, and Luke 9:3). If you find the content on this site useful, please consider becoming a monthly supporter on Patreon for as little as $1 per month, Julius Caesar also famously wrote in the 3rd person, all the weighty external evidence from church fathers. Says Dr. Ehrman: “the vast majority of Palestinian Jews in this period were illiterate – probably around 97%. “Matthew composed the sayings in the Hebrew dialect and each person interpreted them as best he could.” (Papias of Hierapolis), “For in the Memoirs [ read: Gospels] of the apostles and their successors it is written…”(Justin Martyr), “Now Matthew published among the Hebrews a written gospel also in their own tongue while Peter and Paul were preaching in Rome and founding the church.”(Irenaeus of Lyons), “Of all those who had been with the Lord, only Matthew and John left us their recollections, and tradition says they took to writing perforce. Reasonable Faith Chapter Director located in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. II. Luke records it this way: “Then Levi (Matthew) hosted a grand banquet for him at his house. V. And Matthew alone tells his readers that the guards at Jesus’ tomb were paid hush money after Jesus’ body went missing. For one thing, there are good reasons to conclude that the Gospel of Mark is directly based on the testimony of the apostle Peter, who was both the leader of the twelve disciples and an eyewitness to much more of Jesus’s ministry than the apostle Matthew (see Matthew 16:13-18). 7 powerful passages from The Book of Acts that show that the Apostle Paul used evidence and reason to turn the world upside down for Jesus. How did they communicate so that all the copies ended up with the same titles?”.
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