In most versions of Greek mythology, Semele was the mother of Dionysus. Semele’s liaison with Zeus enraged Zeus’s wife, Hera, who, disguised as an old nurse, coaxed Semele into asking Zeus to visit her in the same splendour in which he would appear before Hera.  Who Were the Parents of the Greek Hero Hercules?  In his poem on the Roman calendar, Ovid (d. 17 CE) identifies this goddess with Semele: "There was a grove: known either as Semele’s or Stimula’s:Inhabited, they say, by Italian Maenads.Ino, asking them their nation, learned they were Arcadians,And that Evander was the king of the place.Hiding her divinity, Saturn’s daughter cleverlyIncited the Latian Bacchae with deceiving words:", "lucus erat, dubium Semelae Stimulaene vocetur;maenadas Ausonias incoluisse ferunt:quaerit ab his Ino quae gens foret. Zeus was his great-great-great-grandfather once and great-great-great-great-grandfather twice on Achilles' father's mother's side. Birth and childhood deities were important to Roman religion; Ovid identifies Semele's sister Ino as the nurturing goddess Mater Matuta. W.H. Curious, Semele asked Zeus to grant her a boon. One-ninth was burnt on the altar in the Hellenic way; the rest was torn and eaten raw by the votaries. Jupiter gave his torn up heart in a drink to Semele, who became pregnant this way.  These were modified, expanded, and elaborated by the Ionian Greek invaders and colonists. I'll let you decide. Zeus, eager to please his beloved, promised on the River Styx to grant her anything she wanted. , The most usual setting for the story of Semele is the palace that occupied the acropolis of Thebes, called the Cadmeia.  In Rome, the goddess Stimula was identified as Semele. 1 Myth 1.1 Love with Zeus 2 Sphere of Control 3 Parents 4 Spouse & Lovers 5 Children 6 Other Names 7 Navigation Zeus, the king of Olympus, fell in love with Semele, a daughter of Harmonia. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. When the thigh-sewn child was born, he was named Dionysus. Semele (/ˈsɛmɪli/; Greek: Σεμέλη Semelē), in Greek mythology, was the youngest daughter of the Phoenician hero Cadmus and Harmonia, and the mother of Dionysus by Zeus in one of his many origin myths.  When Pausanias visited Thebes in the 2nd century CE, he was shown the very bridal chamber where Zeus visited her and begat Dionysus. For the genus of grass skipper butterflies, see. The female consort who appears with Bacchus in the acroterial statues there may be either Semele or Ariadne. . The temple of the triad is located near the Grove of Stimula, and the grove and its shrine (sacrarium) were located outside Rome's sacred boundary (pomerium), perhaps as the "dark side" of the Aventine Triad. However, mortals could not look upon Zeus without bursting into flames, which is what happened to Semele. worshipped him in the woods. A few months later, Dionysus was born. The story that Dionysus, himself immortal, descended into Hades after reaching maturity and brought Semele back, and she too became an immortal or even a goddess is found on an Attic black-figure hydria from the Leagros Group (c. 520 bc) and in Pindar’s Olympian ode 2. Corrections? She then demanded that Zeus reveal himself in all his glory as proof of his divinity. Religious beliefs and myths associated with Dionysus were successfully adapted and remained pervasive in Roman culture, as evidenced for instance by the Dionysian scenes of Roman wall painting and on sarcophagi from the 1st to the 4th centuries AD.  Victorian poet Constance Naden wrote a sonnet in the voice of Semele, first published in her 1881 collection Songs and Sonnets of Springtime. In the Neoplatonic philosophy of Henry More (1614–1687), for instance, Semele was thought to embody "intellectual imagination", and was construed as the opposite of Arachne, "sense perception"..
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