EUDAIMONIA (Eudaemonia) The goddess of happiness, prosperity and opulence. 269) Pasithea is called one of the younger Charites, who is destined to be the wife of Sleep, and the plural Charites occurs several times in the Homeric poems. ", The Anacreontea, Fragment 16 : "Kharites (Charites, Graces) three. : Aristophanes, Birds 1088 ff (trans. Kharis (Charis), the wife of Hephaistos (Hephaesus), represented the creation of objects of beauty and artistic adornment. : "They [the Gratiae-Kharites] were appeasing the goddess [Aphrodite] by strewing wreaths and single blossoms before her, and they formed a most elegant chorus-line as they sought to please the Mistress of pleasures with the foliage of spring. She appears in Athenian vase painting as an attendant of the goddess Aphrodite. § 1; Theocrit. Homer, Iliad 18. ", Homeric Hymn 6 to Aphrodite 2 ff : Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th to 4th B.C.) Page, Vol. 231 ff (trans. ], while giving neither the number of the Kharites nor their names, says that they are daughters of Aigle (Aegle) and Helios (the Sun). Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) According to others they were the daughters of Apollo by Aegle or Euanthe (Paus. the victor received the glory of praise]. Greek Lyric I) (C6th B.C.) The Three Graces, the three late eighteenth/early nineteenth century London courtesans Harriette Wilson, her sister Amy Doubochet, and Julia Johnstone. Ol. And the goddesses bestowed tender beauty. Greek Lyric I) (C6th B.C.) ", Hesiod, Works and Days 69 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : [5.1] PEITHO (Hermeseniax Frag, Pausanias 9.35.1) ", Sappho, Fragment 128 : : She was one of the attendants of Aphrodite, as depicted in Athenian vase painting. Paidia, like most of Aphrodite's attendants, is not mentioned in any surviving classical literature. : . Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) 1148.) Homer may be suggesting that Hera was the mother of the Kharites. : Bacchylides, Fragment 15 (trans. "To the Kharites (Charites, Graces) was given . You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. "[When Dionysos who was driven mad by Hera during his war against the Indians and his army routed :] One of the swiftshoe Kharites (Charites) [namely Pasithea] . Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : Sappho, Fragment 194 (from Himerius, Orations) (trans. The Kharites (Charites), as goddesses of beauty and personal adornment, were naturally described as companions of Aphrodite and the Erotes (Loves). The Charites were also associated with the Greek underworld and the Eleusinian Mysteries. For other uses, see, "Graces" redirects here. . : Bacchylides, Fragment 9 (trans. 30 ff : Poets are inspired by the Muses, but the application of their songs to the embellishment of life and the festivals of the gods are the work of the Charites. "[Description of an ancient Greek play portraying the Judgement of Paris :] Each maiden representing a goddess was accompanied by her own escort . : Sappho, Fragment 53 (trans. . disagrees with his predecessors in that he makes Peitho (Persuasion) one of the Kharites.  They also danced in celebration of the birth of Apollo with Aphrodite, Hebe, and Harmonia. 194.). Offering a wide range of facials, waxing, sugaring, LCN gel nails, manicures and pedicures. 212 ff : "Antimakhos (Antimachus) [ Greek poet C5th B.C. I must call the garland fragrant, all the flowers from which she tinged the boy, flattering him. . O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) Campbell, Vol. i.  In Roman mythology they were known as the Gratiae, the "Graces". "[Pasithea] one of the swiftshoe Kharites (Charites, Graces) was gathering the shoots of the fragrant reeds in the Erythraian garden, in order to mix the flowing juice of Assyrian oil with Indian flowers in the steaming cauldrons of Paphos, and make ointment [or perfume] for her Lady [Aphrodite]. (Paus. in a forest not far off she saw the madness of Lyaios (Lyaeus) [Dionysos] her father. The Homeric poems mention only one Charis, or an indefinite number in the plural, and from the passage in which Pasithea is mentioned, it would almost seem as if the poet would intimate that he was thinking of a great number of Charites and of a division of them into classes. an athlete, given beauty of form]. : Pindar, Eulogies Fragment 123 (trans. "[The statues of the Kharites (Graces) in their temple at Elis :] One of them holds a rose, the middle one a die, and the third a small branch of myrtle. : xviii. [N.B. The Charites were generally considered to be the immortal daughters of Zeus and Eurynome. ", Colluthus, Rape of Helen 88 ff (trans. Ol. ", Pindar, Olympian Ode 14. : Homeric Hymn 3 to Pythian Apollo 186 ff (trans. "[Apollon] speeds from earth to Olympos, to the house of Zeus, to join the gathering of the other gods: then straightway the undying gods think only of the lyre and song, and all the Mousai (Muses) together, voice sweetly answering voice, hymn . 13 (trans. . "The lovely dance of the Mousai (Muses) and Kharites (Charites, Graces) . "Out of the sea was rising lovely-crowned Kypris (Cypris) [Aphrodite] . 393) mentions the names of two Charites, Pasithea and Cale, and that kalê should accordingly be written by a capital initial. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) . There were also a troop of Kharites (Charites, Graces). , The cult of the Charites is very old, with their name appearing to be of Pelasgian, or pre-Greek, origin rather than being brought to Greece by Proto-Indo-Europeans. ", Statius, Thebaid 2. PANNYKHIS (Pannychis) The goddess of night festivities and parties. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. 30 ff (trans. In the Iliad itself (xiv. Just one of so many reasons that the Greek myths have an enduring appeal. "His hair is lovely . He was said to have been sacrificing to the Charites on the island of Paros when he learned of his son's death in Athens and stopped the music and ripped off his garlands in grief. : ", Homeric Hymn 27 to Artemis 14 ff : KLETA (Cleta) The Kharis goddess of fame and glory. "Your name shines with the glory lit by the Kharites (Charites, Graces) of the lovely hair. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) 212 ff (trans. Sostratus (ap. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) 263 ff (trans. 210 (trans. - Olga's Gallery", "Raphael. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) 4 ff : to C1st A.D.) : . I bought at least one statue every time I visited Crete. to 2nd A.D.) : Moreover, they are aware that he established three as the number of the Kharites, but they have no tradition of the names he gave them. Campbell, Vol. This notion was probably the cause of Charis being called the wife of Hephaestus, the divine artist. .  The Graces were common subject matter on Roman sarcophagi, and they were depicted on several mirrors.. THE KHARITES (Charites) or Graces, were three goddesses of grace, beauty, adornment, joy, mirth, festivity, dance and song. : Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) ad Hom. 24. 907, &c.; Apollod. The character and nature of the Charites are sufficiently expressed by the names they bear: they were conceived as the goddesses who gave festive joy and enhanced the enjoyments of life by refinement and gentleness. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) "Assyrian Aphrodite seated in a solitary spot upon Libanos (Lebanon), alone, for the Kharites (Charites, Graces), those dancers of Orkhomenos (Orchomenus), had been sent away to gather the various flowers of spring in the gardens--one to gather Kilikian (Cilician) crocus, one eager to bring balsam and sprouts of the Indian reed, another for the fragrant petals of the rose. ", Pindar, Olympian Ode 2. 11 ff (trans. : Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite 58 ff (trans. In the ancient statues of Apollo at Delos and Delphi, the god carried the Charites on his hand. . I have replicas of the statues of the Graces, and the Muses. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. "The divine Kharites (Charites, Graces) and queenly Persuasion (Seduction) put necklaces of gold upon her [Pandora the first woman]. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41. : ", Simonides, Fragment 67 (trans. "Hither, holy Kharites (Charites, Graces) and Pierides Moisai (Pierian Muses). 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