In this tutorial we improve the collision detection algorithm of the previous tutorials by restating the problem as a line or segment intersection problem. Line Segment Intersection Algorithm Date Mon 23 October ... to determine if two line segments intersect. The code is liberally interspersed with print() statements for debugging. Later, I discovered that MeshLab offers the features I wanted... maybe I'll work on implementing hidden-line-removal someday... maybe... To use the code, you should install Python (obviously) as well as Pygame (although the intersection algorithm doesn't depend on Pygame, the test app does). Two line segments are drawn, and their intersection (if any) has a small circle drawn around it. To quit, press 'q' (or use one of your OS's shortcuts). To change which endpoint is "active," press 0,1,2, or 3. algorithm with a running time of 0(n log 2n /log log n + k) was described. Unlike most intersection algorithms, this one had the particularity of not following a sweep-line approach. Finding the correct intersection of two line segments is a non-trivial task with lots of edge cases. One of the four line segment endpoints is considered the "active" endpoint, indicated by a small red circle. There is a Wikipedia article which gives us exact formulas, but there are two of them: one that uses t ratio and approaches intersection point from first line segment and the other -- uses u and the second line segment. This method is preferred when you have large number of lines, and not too many intersections ( k = o(n^2/log(n)) , to be more specific). Primitive, but it works for this application. I wanted to add a hidden-line-removal option, because Pygame doesn't seem to offer an "outlined polygon" drawing method. We have to check whether both line segments are intersecting or not. If two lines have at least one point in common, they intersect. I think so. Instead of having all the events pre-sorted, we have to use a priority queue and dynamically add and remove intersection events. Given two line segments the problem is to find an intersection point of corresponding lines (assuming that they are not parallel or coincide). This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL), An algorithm to compute the intersection point (if it exists) of a pair of 2D line segments, -- There are no messages in this forum --. With this image in mind, it is obvious that the bounding boxes need to intersect if the lines should intersect. The points p1, p2 from the first line segment and q1, q2 from the second line segment. So say you have three points A, B and C. ... Python Multiprocessing Pool … Alternatively, you can just extract four functions (slope(), y_intercept(), intersect() & segment_intersect()) and use them as you see fit. The test app's UI is very simple. Two line segments are drawn, and their intersection (if any) has a small circle drawn around it. We can say that both line segments are intersecting when these cases are satisfied: There is another condition is when (p1, p2, q1), (p1, p2, q2), (q1, q2, p1), (q1, q2, p2) are collinear. It returns either the intersection point returned by intersect(), or None (Python's equivalent of Java's null, C's NULL, etc.). This was initially based on the excellent CompGeom library, but aims to be portable & self-contained, (move to other lower languages such as C & C++). We have to check whether both line segments are intersecting or not. (q1, q2, p1) and (q1, q2, p2) have a different orientation. In essence, there are three things that can happen when finding the intersection of two line segments: The segments do not intersect. At this point you have to make a decision: If the endpoint of one line is on the other line, is this an intersection? It has wireframe display, and a primitive "hidden surface removal" option (namely, sort the polygons by their z coordinates, then "paint" in back-to-front order so the closer polygons hide the further polygons). Let two line-segments are given. This is sort of an exercise in applied algebra (specifically, application of the equation y = mx + b, the so-called slope-intercept form of a linear equation). In this tutorial we improve on the collision detection "algorithm" by restating the problem as a line, or segment, intersection problem. The solution involves determining if three points are listed in a counterclockwise order. We can say that both line segments are intersecting when these cases are satisfied: When (p1, p2, q1) and (p1, p2, q2) have a different orientation and Output: True, when they are intersecting. The test app's UI is very simple. At any point in time, the priority queue contains events for the end-points of line-segments, but also for the intersection points of adjacent elements of the active set (providing they are in the future). The points p1, p2 from the first line segment and q1, q2 from the second line segment. To change the location of the "active" endpoint, click in the Pygame window's drawing area with the mouse. The line data structure used ensures that line endpoints are compatible with Pygame's line-drawing routines, e.g. Two line segments with their bounding boxes. To change which endpoint is "active," press 0,1,2, or 3. Output: Check whether they are collinear or anti-clockwise or clockwise direction. Let two line-segments are given. Line segment intersection algorithm FindIntersections(S) A set S of line segments in the plane The set of intersection points + pointers to segments in each 1. init an empty event queue Q and insert the segment endpoints 2. init an empty status structure T 3. while Q in not empty 4. remove next event p from Q 5. handleEventPoint(p) : These three functions implement the basic line-intersection-point computation: The function segment_intersect( line1, line2 ) tries to deal with the fact that line1 and line2 define line segments, and there may be no point of intersection between them even when they aren't parallel (i.e., when the intersection point between the infinite lines isn't part of (at least one of) the finite line segments). Check if a large number can be divided into two or more segments of equal sum in C++, Maximum possible intersection by moving centers of line segments in C++, Check if a line passes through the origin in C++, Check if two lists are identical in Python, Check if a line at 45 degree can divide the plane into two equal weight parts in C++, Check if a line touches or intersects a circle in C++, C# program to check if two matrices are identical, Java Program to check if two dates are equal, Check if two SortedSet objects are equal in C#, Check if two BitArray objects are equal in C#, Check if two ArrayList objects are equal in C#, Check if two HashSet objects are equal in C#, When (p1, p2, q1) and (p1, p2, q2) have a different orientation and. This is a single-file, Python3 implementation of the Bentley-Ottmann sweep-line algorithm for listing all intersections in a set of line segments. Instead, it used a hierarchical subdivision of segments and the key notion of a … I have a "toy" 3D viewing app written in Python, using Pygame for the UI. The function intersect( line1, line2 ) tries to compute the intersection of line1 and line2; it includes a primitive sort of guard against numeric overflow, and returns a point (a tuple (x,y)). There is a unique intersection point I thought this code might be a step in that direction. To guard against numeric overflow, the intersect() function uses a pair of constants to prevent division by zero (or division by any number that might be small enough to cause overflow). Here's a well documented, working and tested solution in Java. Input: Two line segments, each line has two points p1 and p2. One of the four line segment endpoints is considered the "active" endpoint, indicated by a small red circle. Both the 2.x and 3.x flavors of Python should work.